Sometimes known as “pump bump” because of its prevalence among women who wear pump-style shoes, Haglund’s deformity can occur in one or both of the feet. That can lead to discomfort and even pain in the back of the heel.
Caused of Haglund’s Deformity:
1. Genetic – if you have inherited any of the following:
Tight achilles tendon.
Flat feet (excessive pronation).
2. External factors:
Footwear with a rigid back – soccer shoes, men’s dress shoes, golf shoes, or women’s pump-style shoes.
Signs and symptoms of Haglund’s Deformity:
Bony enlargement at the back of the heel.
Irritation at the back of the heel.
Pain in the back of the heel.
Swelling in the back of the heel.
Redness or inflamed tissue at the site of the swelling.
Treatment of Haglund’s Deformity
1. Surgery is an option
2. Non-surgical treatment options:
Anti-inflammatory medication – to reduce the pain and inflammation.
Ice – can help reduce inflammation.
Stretching exercises – for the Achilles tendon can be helpful in some cases.
Heel lifts and pads – inside the shoe decrease the tension on the Achilles tendon and pressure on the heel.
Footwear modification – stretching of shoes in the painful area.
Physical therapy – such as ultrasound, can help to reduce inflammation.
Custom foot orthotic devices – designed to limit abnormal motion.