What most people call a bunion is actually known as “Hallux valgus”. A bunion is a bony prominence on the side of the big toe, caused when the big toe moves towards the second toe and has to go over or under it – and a bunion is a symptom of the deformity. This can also form a large sac of fluid, known as a bursa, which can then become inflamed and sore. A bunion changes the overall shape of your foot.
Cause of Bunions
Bunions and toe deformities may be caused by a muscle imbalance in the feet or as result of a flat feet or fallen arches which can reduce the stability of the joints in the feet and in turn lead to muscle imbalance.
Signs and Symtoms of Bunions
A bunion is the name given to swollen, bony bump on the outer side of the big toe joint. A bunion forms when the bones of the joint at the base of the big toe pushing it towards the second toe. This forces the joint outwards and the resulting pressure between the bone and the footwear causes the tissue to become inflamed and sore. Tight fitting footwear can make the condition even more painful. The condition can also lead to corns, blisters and hammer toe. Bunions can be caused by the way you walk and there’s a strong hereditary link to their occurrence.
Prevention of Bunions
Wearing shoes that fit properly can help bunions from getting worse, while cushioning products can ease the pain. If you suspect a bunion forming, consult your podiatrist for advice.