The toes tend to be affected are the third to fifth toes. The toes bend upwards and do not straighten out when walking. It is not uncommon for only one toe to be affected. It can be a condition that you are born with or develop later in life.
Cause of Clawed Toes
Hammer or clawed toes can be made worse by tight fitting footwear or socks, particularly during childhood when growth and development may be restricted. In particular the second toe is susceptible to referred pressure / trauma when a bunion or hallux limitus is present.
Signs and Symptoms of Clawed Toes
A bunion is the name given to swollen, bony bump on the outer side of the big toe joint. A bunion forms when the bones of the joint at the base of the big toe pushing it towards the second toe. This forces the joint outwards and the resulting pressure between the bone and the footwear causes the tissue to become inflamed and sore. Tight fitting footwear can make the condition even more painful. The condition can also lead to corns, blisters and hammer toe. Bunions can be caused by the way you walk and there’s a strong hereditary link to their occurrence.
Prevention of Clawed Toes
Wearing shoes that fit properly can help bunions from getting worse, while cushioning products can ease the pain. If you suspect a bunion forming, consult your podiatrist for advice.