In foot pronation of the heel rolls inward, the arch usually flattens and often the feet point outward. Over-pronation becomes noticeable when we stand or walk as a result of weight bearing. At first, over pronation may cause fatigue. As the problem gets worse, strain on the muscles, tendons, and ligaments of the foot and lower leg can cause permanent problems and deformities. This causes the joint surfaces to function at unnatural angles to each other. When this happens, joints that should be stable now become very loose and flexible. Over-pronation is a biomechanical imbalance that can lead to many painful foot conditions such as heel pain, heel spurs, tendonitis, and can even affect other parts of your body such as the knees and lower back.
Signs and symptoms of Flat Feet or Over Pronation:
Over pronation can cause a number of ailments that affect the foot, ankle, knees, hips and back. Some of the more common symptoms of over pronation are listed below.
Bunions (Hallux Abducto Valgus), Hallux Rigidus (stiff 1st toe).
Hammer Toes, Metatarsalgia (ball of the foot pain).
Heel Pain (Planter Fasciitis).
Treatment of Flat Feet or Over Pronation:
Wearing supportive well-fitted footwear can relieve any aching caused by flat feet.